What Is the Paris Agreement 2015
The Paris Agreement of 2015 is an international treaty aimed at combating the threat of climate change. The agreement was adopted by 196 countries and entered into force on November 4, 2016. The main goal of the Paris Agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a preference for limiting it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Paris Agreement is considered a historic achievement in global climate action due to its universal acceptance and ambitious targets. It builds upon the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was adopted in 1992 and was aimed at stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
One of the key features of the Paris Agreement is the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), through which countries pledge their individual contributions to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. These contributions are voluntary, and countries are encouraged to set ambitious targets that are updated every five years.
The Paris Agreement also established the Green Climate Fund, which supports developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The fund has received pledges of over $10 billion from developed countries, and it remains a key source of finance for climate action in developing countries.
The Paris Agreement has faced criticism for being non-binding and lacking enforcement mechanisms. However, it remains a symbol of international commitment to fighting climate change and has been a catalyst for increased action at the national and local levels.
In conclusion, the Paris Agreement of 2015 is a crucial international treaty aimed at combating the threat of climate change. With its ambitious targets and universal acceptance, it has the potential to drive global climate action and help ensure a more sustainable future for all.