Scoliosis, also known as “kubad” in some regions, is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal curvature of the spine. Instead of the spine being straight, it curves sideways in an “S” or “C” shape. This curvature can vary in severity, and in some cases, it may cause pain, discomfort, or other health issues.
Here are some key points to know about scoliosis:
- Causes: Scoliosis can be classified into different types based on its cause. The most common type is idiopathic scoliosis, which means the cause is unknown. Other types can be attributed to factors like congenital spine abnormalities, neuromuscular conditions, or degenerative changes in the spine.
- Symptoms: The most common symptom of scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine, which can be observed when a person bends forward. Other symptoms may include uneven shoulders or hips, a prominent rib cage, and in some cases, back pain, muscle spasms, or breathing difficulties if the curvature is severe and compresses the chest cavity.
- Diagnosis: Scoliosis is typically diagnosed through physical examination, where a healthcare provider may observe the curvature of the spine and may use tools like a scoliometer to measure the angle of the curvature. X-rays and other imaging tests may also be used to assess the severity and type of scoliosis.